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Sunday, November 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil economic growth found in the catalog.

Fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil economic growth

Ugo Fasano

Fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil economic growth

evidence from GCC countries

by Ugo Fasano

  • 358 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published by International Monetary Fund, Middle Eastern Department, Policy and Development Review Department [sic] in [Washington, D.C.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Gulf Cooperation Council.,
  • Fiscal policy -- Persian Gulf States -- Econometric models.,
  • Gross domestic product -- Persian Gulf States -- Econometric models.,
  • Expenditures, Public -- Persian Gulf States -- Econometric models.,
  • Persian Gulf States -- Economic conditions -- Econometric models.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementUgo Fasano and Qing Wang.
    GenreEconometric models.
    SeriesIMF working paper -- WP/01/195
    ContributionsWang, Jing., International Monetary Fund. Middle Eastern Dept., International Monetary Fund. Policy Development and Review Dept.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination20 p. :
    Number of Pages20
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19296717M

      William Gale offers 12 facts that inspire the analysis and proposals in his new book Fiscal Therapy, which looks at the trouble looming – in the form of rising government debt, and in the way we. Summary of Fiscal Policy, Investment, and Economic Growth Investment in physical capital, human capital, and new technology is essential for long-term economic growth, as summarized in Table 2. In a market-oriented economy, private firms will undertake most of the investment in physical capital, and fiscal policy should seek to avoid a long. The Saudi fiscal deficit narrowed in to per cent of GDP. Oil and non-oil revenues increased substantially in and despite the budget surplus in the first quarter of this year, and the.


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Fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil economic growth by Ugo Fasano Download PDF EPUB FB2

They also position the federal government to formulate and implement economic policy. Fiscal Fundamentals. Fiscal policy is the general name for the federal government's taxation and expenditure decisions and activities, particularly as they affect the economy.

(Monetary policy refers to policies that affect interest rates and the money supply.). Definition of fiscal policy. Fiscal policy involves the government changing the levels of taxation and government spending in order to influence aggregate demand (AD) and the level of economic activity.

AD is the total level of planned expenditure in an economy (AD = C+ I + G + X – M) The purpose of Fiscal Policy. Stimulate economic growth. Fiscal Expenditure Policy and Non-Oil Economic Growth: Evidence from GCC Countries Topics covered in this book.

this study investigates the short- and long-run relationship over the past two decades between fiscal expenditure policy and non?oil real GDP growth in member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Get this from a library. Fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil economic growth: evidence from GCC countries.

[Ugo Fasano; Qing Wang; International Monetary Fund. Middle Eastern Department.; International Monetary Fund. Policy Development and Review Department.] -- Through the use of a multivariate cointegration and error-correction model, this study investigates the short- and long-run. Fasano, Ugo and Wang, Qing, Fiscal Expenditure Policy and Non-Oil Economic Growth: Evidence from GCC Countries (December ).

IMF Working Paper, Vol., pp. Cited by: Through the use of a multivariate cointegration and error-correction model, this study investigates the short- and long-run relationship over the past two decades between fiscal expenditure policy and non?oil real GDP growth in member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

Despite the important role of the government, the empirical results do not strongly support that increases in. Contractionary Fiscal Policy. The second type of fiscal policy is contractionary fiscal policy, which is rarely used. Its goal is to slow economic growth and stamp out inflation. The long-term impact of inflation can damage the standard of living as much as a recession.

The tools of contractionary fiscal policy are used in reverse. Qing Wang & Ugo Fasano-Filho, "Fiscal Expenditure Policy and Non-Oil Economic Growth; Evidence from GCC Countries," IMF Working Papers 01/, International Monetary Fund.

Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa/ 22 hours ago  Many economists and industry groups are calling on Freeland to establish clear fiscal targets and a long-term plan to return to economic growth, saying that a failure to address sky-high spending.

Fiscal policy is already running “at full throttle,” said Bank of Montreal chief economist Douglas Porter, with the federal debt-to-GDP ratio headed about 49 per cent compared to A clear objective of Saudi Visionthe strategic roadmap for the future of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is to put the non-oil sector at the heart of the country’s economic development.

The vision realization programs (VRPs), such as the National Transformation Program and Fiscal Balance Program (FBP), have established initiatives and targets to help develop the non-oil sector.

The public sector and fiscal policyThe public sector, which involves government spending, revenue raising, and borrowing, has a crucial role to play in any mixed purpose of government expenditureGovernment spends money for a variety of reasons, including:To supply goods and services that the private sector would fail to do, such as public goods, including.

This paper responds to the development policy debate involving the World Bank and the IMF on the use of fiscal policy not only for economic stabilization but also to promote economic growth and increase per capita income.

A key issue in this debate relates to the effect of the composition of public expenditure on economic growth. economic development, i.e. growth in the economy also causes public sector expenditures to expand.

Keynes () and his supporters, on the other hand, raise the thought that during recession times the use of fiscal policies boosts economic activities, i.e.

expansionary fiscal policies, expanding public expenditures, increase national output. A Hamilton Project and Equitable Growth book, Recession Ready, proposed a set of policies that could be used in this way. There are three main advantages to letting fiscal policy responses to a downturn be guided by automatic economic triggers: quick policy activation, faster implementation facilitated by pre-planning, and sustained policy.

Fiscal Expenditure in the United States decreased to USD Million in July from USD Million in June of Fiscal Expenditure in the United States averaged USD Million from untilreaching an all time high of USD Million in June of and a record low of USD Million in November of This page provides - United States Fiscal Expenditure.

1 A good fiscal rule should be tailored to a country’s economic challenges and opportunities. 2 A good fiscal rule should be simple and easy to understand. 3 A good fiscal rule needs well-defined escape clauses. 4 A good fiscal rule requires transparency and strong oversight.

5 A good fiscal rule should build on existing institutions and. The study of the contributions of non-oil export to the growth of Nigeria economy is significant and important, for this knowledge, it will enable the policy makers to formulate appropriate policies that will aim at improving on the quote of the total revenue brought about by the non-oil sectors of the economy.

Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth Eric M. Engen, Jonathan Skinner. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in December NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth One view of government fiscal policy is that it stifles dynamic economic growth through the distortionary effects of taxation and inefficient government spending.

These challenges are exacerbated by policy and institutional capacity constraints. Fiscal buffers are limited by low revenue (10 to 12 percent of GDP), with considerable economic activity in either hard-to-tax sectors or dominated by small and micro enterprises.

The paper of Fasano and Wang () is the only available work that analyzes the relationship between fiscal expenditure policy and non-oil real GDP growth in member countries of the Gulf.

But the economic policy response is already beginning and being hotly debated. The Federal Reserve has just cut interest rates to help boost the economy, but fiscal policy.

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia’s budget announced on Dec. 9, is progressive and focuses on balancing fiscal stability and economic growth despite oil market volatility this fiscal year. This chart book documents the economic expansion and will continue to track the evolution of the economy under President Trump.

It examines how the expansion compared with other expansions over the past several decades and how President Trump’s claims about what his policies would accomplish compare with other assessments.

A stimulus package is a package of economic measures put together by a government to stimulate a struggling economy. Indeed, the pandemic has led Understanding The Economic Model.

Key Policy Responses as of J Fiscal. Key tax and spending measures have been implemented under the revised budget, allowing for a budget deficit of BGN billion and increased ceiling on newly incurred public debt of BGN 10 billion for available resources to adjust the economy through monetary and fiscal policy measures.

To ensure the development of the non-oil sector, fiscal and monetary policies must be coordinated efficiently, as they play a vital role in driving growth. Studies show that fiscal policy plays a leading role in. monetary policy coupled with a contractionary fiscal policy will engender natural rate of growth of the Nigerian economy.

This is contrary to persuasive monetary policy advice for inflation targeting pursued by central banks and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). About the Book. Principles of Macroeconomics is an adaptation of the textbook, Macroeconomics: Theory, Markets, and Policy by D.

Curtis and I. Irvine, and presents a complete and concise examination of introductory macroeconomics theory and policy suitable for a first introductory course. Examples are domestic and international in their subject matter and are of the modern era — financial.

Medium Term Budget Policy Statement 32 ♦ reduce government consumption spending as a share of national income. Commitment to sound Government remains committed to a sound and stable fiscal policy, public finances aimed at ensuring the sustainability of South Africa’s economic transformation, promoting jobs and investment, and ensuring that.

The fiscal deficit, or the gap between the government’s revenue and expenditure, came in at Rs lakh crore in March, which was 22% higher than the targeted Rs lakh crore. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman had invoked the escape clause in the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act to peg the deficit % higher than budgeted.

Governments should then be careful with expansive fiscal policy. They should only use it when the economy is in contraction or recession.

When the economy is growing, its leaders should cut back spending and raise taxes. This conservative fiscal policy ensures that the economic growth will remain sustainable. Non-Oil Growth in. 3 Figure 3: After a Marked Contraction, GDP Per Capita is Estimated to Have Improved in Figure 4: A Better Security and Initial Construction are Estimated to Have Improved the Economic.

The Chinese government is likely to face a tricky economic policy choice in the second half of this year. If it loosens its fiscal stance, public finances will worsen significantly. But if it cuts expenditure to offset the pandemic-related revenue shortfall, growth will be.

Introduction to Fiscal Policy Approaches; Neoclassical Fiscal Policy and Supply-Side Economics; Fiscal Policy, Investment, and Crowding Out; Putting It Together: Fiscal Policy; Discussion: Fiscal Policy; Assignment: Economic Impact of Lower Corporate Tax Rate; Assignment: Problem Set — Fiscal Policy; Module Money and Banking.

Economic policy should now shift gears to focus on boosting the economy via proactive fiscal stimulus. Stage two measures should encompass an expansion of the main proposals contained in the government’s earlier RM20 billion planned fiscal stimulus package, including measures to increase infrastructure spending and broaden personal tax relief.

Table 1. Menu of Options: Fiscal Policies for Medium- to Long-Term Growth 2. The first part of this note explores which fiscal policy measures can boost medium- to long-term growth; and how significant their impact may be.1 Based on recent analytical work at.

The ARRA illustrates an important difficulty of using fiscal policy in an effort to stabilize economic activity. It was passed over a year after the recession began. Only about 20% of the spending called for by the legislation took place inrising to about two-thirds through the middle of   The U.S.

government has already spent about US$3 trillion seeking to mitigate the damage. As a result, the federal government deficit for this fiscal year will be far greater than any since World War the government is expected to add $1 trillion to $ trillion more red ink, assuming lawmakers agree to another relief bill.

All this spending helps prop up industries such as beleaguered. An expansionary fiscal policy seeks to shift aggregate demand to AD 2 in order to close the gap.

In Panel (b), the economy initially has an inflationary gap at Y 1. A contractionary fiscal policy seeks to reduce aggregate demand to AD 2 and close the gap. Now we shall look at how specific fiscal policy.

Fiscal policy is already running “at full throttle,” said Bank of Montreal chief economist Douglas Porter, with the federal debt-to-GDP ratio headed about 49% compared to 31% currently.Colombia has a track record of prudent macroeconomic and fiscal management, and despite economic downturns has maintained its investment grade rating since After slowing down to percent ineconomic growth accelerated to percent indriven by robust private consumption and stronger investment.

The economy's performance over the medium and longer term also will depend importantly on the course of fiscal policy. Fiscal policymakers confront daunting challenges. As they do so, they should keep three objectives in mind.

First, to promote economic growth and stability, the federal budget must be put on a sustainable long-run path.